Choose the correct option to complete the sentences below.
Verb + object + to + infinitive
After certain verbs
We can use the following verbs + object + to + infinitive: advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, convince, enable, encourage, expect, force, get (see get uses), help, intend, invite, mean, order, persuade, recommend, remind, take (time), teach, tell, warn. (See table with examples below)
want, need, would like, would hate, would prefer
We can also use want, need, would like, would hate, would prefer + object + to + infinitive.
- I need you to do something for me.
- She wants me to go to the doctor with her.
- They would like me to be available at all times.
- I would hate you to think I didn’t appreciate what you did for me.
- I would prefer you to be quiet
Verbs also used in other ways
advise, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn
We can also use advise, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn + object + (that) clause.
- Our mentor has advised us that we should start working on the project as soon as possible.
- The president persuaded them that the situation was critical.
- I called him to remind him he had to take all the necessary equipment.
- They taught me things aren’t always as they seem.
- Danny told me that he is going to be appointed director of overseas operations.
- He warned us that temperatures would drop dramatically the following week.
We can also use recommend + that clause (without object).
- I recommended him to stay.
- I recommended that he stay .(more formal)
- I recommended that he stays .(less formal)
advise, allow, recommend
We can use advise, allow, recommend + object + to + infinitive. But if they are followed by the verb (without the object), this verb must take the -ing form.
- He advised me to go, but He advised going.
- They don’t allow us to drink anything, but They don’t allow drinking.
- He recommended me to take the course, but He recommended taking the course.
Verb + for someone + to + infinitive
arrange, ask, plan, wait
We say arrange, ask, plan or wait + for someone + to + infinitive.
- I will arrange for you to have a meeting with him next week.
- I asked for somebody to repair my air conditioner.
- They are planning for him to turn his ideas into action.
- We waited for them to arrive.
We can use certain adjectives + for someone + to + infinitive.
- It’s essential for us to be ready when we are needed.
- It would be nice for you to be there the day of the rehearsal.
- It’s difficult for Sarah to make ends meet now that she’s working part time.
We can use certain nouns such as advantage, disadvantage, demand, disaster, idea, mistake, etc. + for someone + to + infinitive.
- It was a mistake for you to lend him the money.
- It would be a disaster for the company to reduce the number of staff.
- I think it’s a good idea for him to go to the interview.
- An extra room is an advantage for families to use it as a play area.
We can also use too or enough + for someone + to infinitive.
- The book was too great for me to forget.
- It was warm enough for us sit in the open.
Infinitive of purpose
We can also use the same structure after an infinitive of purpose.
- The purpose of this activity is for the students to practice their listening skills.
- The goal is for the dog to relax when wearing a leash.
Verb + object + infinitive without to
let, make, help
We can use the verbs let, make, and help followed by object + infinitive without to.
- She drives me to work and never lets me pay for the petrol.
- The teacher made us write a very long essay.
- Can I help you fix the fence? (But help somebody to do is also correct)
be made to do
We say make + someone + infinitive (without to), but we say someone + be made + to + infinitive.
- They made the staff wear their uniform every day.
- The staff were made to wear their uniform every day.
hear, listen, notice, see
We can use hear, listen, notice, see + object + infinitive without to to talk about a short or complete action (see B1+ verb patterns):
- I saw them kiss (I saw the action from start to end. It was probably a short kiss.)
- I heard someone shout your name. (I heard the shouting from star to end.)
But we use hear, listen, notice, see, watch + object + -ing to to talk about an action in progress; and action that is longer, and incomplete.
- I saw them kissing in the park. (The action was in progress. I didn’t see it finish)
Verb + object + gerund
In this kind of construction, the object of the main verb is the subject of the verb in the gerund form. The following verbs can be used before object + gerund: dislike, hate, imagine, involve, keep, mind, prevent, not like, remember, resent, risk, stop (See table with examples below)
Tables with example sentences