Exercise 1

Choose the best option to complete the sentences below so that they express generic reference.

1 like beer a lot in England.

2Reading can help to expand imagination.

3 can never be sure whether our perceptions are correct.

4It is very difficult to put in somebody else's shoes.

5Every person should be held responsible for own actions.

6If someone calls, tell I'll be back in an hour.

7In a place like this, never know where danger could come from.

8One must think of in certain situations.

9I don't believe anyone when tell me how good are at something.

10 have opened a new restaurant in the town centre.


 

 

one, you, we

 

Meaning

 
We can use one, you or we to talk about people in general, including the speaker and hearer, and not one person in particular.

  • One can never know what to expect from politicians. (Or also You/We can never know.)
  • In these situations, you must never lose your hope. 
  • We are human, and will always make mistakes. 

 

Register

 
One is more formal than we or you, and is rarely used in spoken English. However, the possessive determiner one’s is a little more common.

  • Education always changes one’s life for the better. (Or also your/our life.)
  • Poverty eats up one’s dignity.

 

Subject, object, etc.

 
One, you, we can be used as subject or object, or and they are often used in their reflexive form (oneself, yourself, ourselves).

  • Sometimes the government treats you/us as if you/we were a child. 
  • There is the tendency to just lie down and let life treat one as it deems fit.
  • Succeed and failure always teaches you/us something about yourself/ourselves
  • Helping others helps oneself.

 

Consistency

 
We can normally choose one pronoun or the other for generic reference, but what is important is that we keep consistency throughout the text.

  • You never know what your future will bring you
  • We never know what our future will bring us
  • NOT: You never know what our future will ...

 

they

 

A group of people

 
In English we often use they to refer to people in general or a more specific group of people that does not include the speaker or hearer, such as people in a country, city, place, or authorities, police, etc.

  • They don’t like strangers in this village.
  • They are going to raise our taxes this year.
  •  They are going to open a new pub opposite my house. 

 

Singular reference (= he or she)

 
In informal English, we use they, them or their to refer to one generic person who could be male or female. This use is considered incorrect by many grammarians, but it is very common, even in written language.

  • A good journalist should never reveal where they get their information. 
  • Before the class, every student said their name aloud. 

The use of they, them, their for generic singular reference is often preceded by an indefinite singular pronoun.

  • Someone has left their suitcase in the taxi. 
  • Everyone accepted, didn’t they?
  • Nobody wanted to give us their phone number.  

 


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