Exercise 1

Choose the correct option to complete the sentences below.

Hi Suzan,

I'm having a wonderful time in Los Angeles. The weather is 1  and drier 2  in England and Americans are friendlier than 3 . The food is better here; it not the same 4  the food in England at all! From all the countries I've been to, I think English food is the 5  pleasant. It's awful. Yesterday I had the best hamburger I’ve 6  eaten!

The hotel is beautiful. I think it’s not as 7  the hotel we stayed in New York, but it's 8  comfortable. They say that Los Angeles is one of the most expensive cities 9  the world, but actually I'm not spending 10  money as I thought. I’ll phone you when I get back.

Love, Megan.


 

 

comparative and superlative adjectives

 

The comparative form

 
We use the comparative form of the adjective to compare two things.

  • White meat is healthier than red meat.
  • Travelling by bus is more comfortable than travelling by train.

We can also use the form less + adjective + thanLess is the opposite of more.

  • Peter is less considerate than Marta. (=Marta is more considerate)

We can also use the form (not) as + adjective + as.

  • Peter isn’t as considerate as Marta. (=Marta is more considerate)

After than or as … as we use an object pronoun (me, you, him, etc.) or a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, etc.) + auxiliary verb.

  • My sister is taller than me.
  • My sister is taller than I am.

Before the comparative (more or –er) we can use much, a lot or a bit.

  • He’s a bit taller than me.
  • Florence is much more interesting than Pisa.
  • This car is a lot more expensive.

 

Superlative adjectives

 
We use the superlative form of an adjective or adverb to compare more than two things.

After the superlative we use in + names of places or singular words for groups of people (class, school, team, family, etc.)

  • She is the best student in the class.
  • He’s the tallest in the family.
  • Messi is the best player in the world. (NOT of the class, etc.)

We often use the superlative with the present perfect tense and ever.

  • This is the best movie I’ve ever watched.
  • She is the most beautiful woman I have ever seen.

Before the superlative we always use the (or a possessive adjective or noun)

  • He is the best.
  • This is my most expensive jacket.
  • This is Paul’s best friend.

The opposite of the most is the least

  • He is the least hardworking student in the class.

 

Comparing actions with adverbs

 
We can use the comparative or superlative form of adverbs to compare actions.

  • She drives fast, but I drive faster.
  • He plays well, but I play better than him.

With adverbs ending in –ly, you must always use more to form the comparative, and most to form the superlative

  • She speaks more quietly than her boss. (NOT quietlier)
  • He cooks well, but more slowly than his workmates. (NOT slowlier)

For adverbs that that have the same form as adjectives, the comparative and superlative forms are like adjectives: add –er to form the comparative and –est to form the superlative. The most common of these adverbs are: late-later, early-earlier, fast-faster, hard-harder, long-longer.

  • He works harder than me.
  • She always arrives earlier than her boss.
  • It took us longer than usual to arrive because of the traffic.

 


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