Exercise 2

Complete the following sentences about how things used to be 50 years ago. Fill is the gaps with the correct form of used to and the words in brackets.

1 Not too many people (live) in the cities.

2 Salaries (be) much lower.

3 People (not buy) so much stuff.

4 People (not get) divorced.

5 People (not eat) so much processed food; their diet was healthier.

6 People (have) more children and at a younger age.

7 People (not travel) so often, or they just didn't travel at all.

8 People (write) letters because they didn't have computers.

9 People (not live) together before getting married.

10 Families (be) closer and more connected than they are today.


 

 

used to, didn’t use to – summary chart

 
used to, didn’t use to – past habits and states
 

used to

 

Past habits

 
We use used to for past habits or things that happened repeatedly in the past, but they don’t happen any more.

  • I used to play chess every day, but now I don’t play very often.
  • When the economy was better, we used to eat out every week.

 

Past states

 
We use used to with non-action verbs (be, have, etc.) for past states: things that were true in the past, but they are not true any more.

  • She used to be very shy when she was a child.
  • I used to like her music, but now I hate it.

 

didn’t use to, did you use to?

 
We use did/didn’t + use to for negatives and questions.

  • He didn’t use to travel a lot.
  • Did he use to live here?’ ‘Yes, he did.’

We can also use never for negatives

  • We never used to argue.

 

Past simple vs used to

 

Past simple + always, usually, often, etc.

 
We can also use the past simple tense + frequency adverbs for past habits.

  • I always met her at the bar down the street. (= I used to meet …)
  • I usually had a big salad for dinner. (= I used to have …)

 

Past simple (NOT used to)

 
But we use the past simple (NOT used to) for actions that happened once or when we mention when they happened.

  • Last week I met her at the bar down the street. (NOT I used to meet …)
  • I had a big salad for dinner last Sunday. (NOT I used to have …)

 

usually or used to?

 
Used to is only used in the past. For present habits, we must use the present simple tense with usually or normally.

  • I usually get up very early at weekends. (NOT I use to get up …)
  • We don’t usually play on Sunday. (NOT We don’t use to play)

 


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