Exercise 1

Choose the correct forms with so, neither, too, either to complete the sentences below.

1A: 'I haven't written the essay yet.'  B: 'Neither I.'

2A: 'I'm very thirsty.'  B: '.'

3A: 'Sam won't help us.'  B: 'Neither .

4A: 'I can't forgive them for what happened.'  B: 'I can't forgive them .'

5A: 'I drink too much coffee.'  B: '.'

6A: 'Mum was very proud of us.'  B: 'And .'

7Ann will be there and so .

8A: 'You didn't tell the truth.'  B: 'Nor .'

9A: 'I watched the match in a pub.'  B: 'So .'

10A: 'I would really like to go.'  B: '.'


 

 

so, neither

 

A is or does the same as B

 
To say that A is or does the same as B, we can use so + auxiliary verb + subject for affirmative sentences and neither + auxiliary verb + subject for negative sentences.

  • A: “I am from London.”  B: So am I.” (=I am from London too.)
  • A: “I’m not tired.”  B: Neither am I.” (=I am not tired either.)

 

What auxiliary verb do we need?

 
After so/neither we use the same auxiliary or modal verb as in the first sentence: be, do, have, can, will, must, etc.

  • A: “Tomas is not going to the party.”  B: Neither is Sally.”
  • A: “I’ll be here at 7.”  B: “So will I.”
  • A: “Lisa can play the guitar.”  B: “So can Tim.”

When there isn’t an auxiliary or modal verb in the first sentence, we use do/does for present and did for past.

  • A: “I want to leave.”  B: “So do I.”
  • A: “George loves chocolate.”  B: “So does Bruno.”
  • A: “I went to bed very late.”  B: “So did I.”

 

nor = neither

 
We can use nor instead of neither.

  • A: “I wasn’t ready.”  B: Nor/Neither was I.”

 

neither is negative

 
Neither/nor is a negative word, like not. For this reason, the auxiliary verb after neither should be affirmative.

  • A: “I didn’t see the film yesterday.”  B: “Neither did I.” (NOT Neither didn’t I)
  • A: “Ray couldn’t answer the question.”  B: “Neither could Jimmy.” (NOT Neither couldn’t Jimmy.)

 

too, either

 
Another way of saying that A is or does the same as B, is the use of too or either at the end of the sentence. We use too for affirmative sentences and either for negative sentences.

  • A: “I want to leave.”  B: “I want to leave too.”
  • A: “I didn’t go.”  B: “I didn’t go either.”

 

so-too, neither-either – tables

 
so, neither, too, either
 
 
neither, either
 


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