Exercise 1

Complete the sentences below with to and for.

1 I need my computer send an important email.

2 Call your doctor an appointment.

3 I'm on a diet lose some weight.

4 I'm going to call the restaurant book a table.

5 A thermometer is a tool measuring the temperature.

6 Do you have time a cup of tea?

7 I need some money a taxi.

8 I need some money take a taxi.

9 This knife is used cutting plastic.

10 Where can I go buy the ingredients?


 

 
 
We can use to + infinitive and for + noun to say what is the purpose of an action, or the reason why we do something.
 

to + infinitive

 

  • I went to the grocery store to buy some vegetables. 
  • I studied hard to pass the exam.

 

for + noun

 

  • Let’s go to the pub for a drink. 
  • We climbed to the top for the views.

 

Compare to vs for:

 

  • I went to the shop to buy some milk. 
  • I went to the shop for some milk. 

 

for + -ing

 

Don’t use for + -ing to talk about why we do something

 
We don’t use for + -ing to say what is the purpose of our actions, why we do something.

  • I work hard for improving my English.
  • I work hard to improve my English.
  • Turn the TV on for watching the news.
  • Turn the TV on to watch the news.

 

Use for + -ing to talk about the purpose or function of an object

 
We use for + ing to talk about the purpose or function of a thing, what an object is used for.

  • This machine is used for cleaning cars.
  • This is a special camera for photographing small objects.  

 


Do the exercises