Exercise 1

Choose the correct infinitives and gerunds to complete the sentences below.

1 She offered me.

2 We've decided soon.

3 I stopped football when I got married.

4 We should very early in the morning.

5 I'm not very good at sports.

6 You promised the children to the cinema.

7 Have you finished the house?

8 You should avoid to strangers.

9 around the world has always been my dream.

10 I couldn't you because I didn't have my phone.


 

 

Gerund

 

We use the gerund (-ing)

 
1 When the verb is the subject of a sentence.

  • Reading on tablets and phones isn’t very good for your eyes.

2 After a preposition.

  • I’m tired of waiting. Let’s go home.

3 After some verbs.

  • I don’t mind waiting.
  • She recommended visiting this museum.

 

Common verbs followed by a gerund

 
Some common verbs that are followed by gerund are: avoid, enjoy, finish, hate, keep, like, love, don’t mind, prefer, recommend, spend time, stop, suggest, etc.
 

Negative gerund

 
The negative form of the gerund is not + -ing.

  • He enjoys not having to wake up early at weekends. 

 

Infinitive without to

 

We use the infinitive without to

 
1 After the auxiliary verb do, does, did in negative sentences and questions.

  • He didn’t say anything. 
  • Does Tim work with you?
  • I don’t believe you. 

2 After modal verbs (will, can, must, should, might, may, etc.)

  • You should come with us.
  • I can’t play the guitar.

 

to + infinitive

 

We use the infinitive with to

 
1 After adjectives.

  • It’s important to arrive early at the station.

2 To express a reason or purpose (why).

  • I went to Madrid to visit some family.
  • I need time to study for the exam.

3 After question words.

  • I don’t know what to eat.
  • I want to learn how to play the guitar.

4 After some verbs.

  • Don’t forget to call me.
  • She seems to be distracted.

 

Common verbs followed by to  + infinitive

 
Some common verbs that are followed by to infinitive are: decide, forget, help, hope, learn, need, offer, plan, promise, remember, seem, try, want, would like, would love, would hate, would prefer, etc.
 

Negative form of to + infinitive

 
The negative form of to + infinitive is not to + infinitive.

  • She decided not to enter the competition.

 


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