Exercise 1

Choose the correct infinitives and gerunds to complete the sentences below.

1She offered me.

2We've decided soon.

3I stopped football when I got married.

4We should very early in the morning.

5I'm not very good at sports.

6You promised the children to the cinema.

7Have you finished the house?

8You should avoid to strangers.

9 around the world has always been my dream.

10I couldn't you because I didn't have my phone.


 

 

Gerund

 

We use the gerund (-ing)

 
1 When the verb is the subject of a sentence.

  • Reading on tablets and phones isn’t very good for your eyes.

2 After a preposition.

  • I’m tired of waiting. Let’s go home.

3 After some verbs.

  • I don’t mind waiting.
  • She recommended visiting this museum.

 

Common verbs followed by a gerund

 
Some common verbs that are followed by gerund are: avoid, enjoy, finish, hate, keep, like, love, don’t mind, prefer, recommend, spend time, stop, suggest, etc.
 

Negative gerund

 
The negative form of the gerund is not + -ing.

  • He enjoys not having to wake up early at weekends. 

 

Infinitive without to

 

We use the infinitive without to

 
1 After the auxiliary verb do, does, did in negative sentences and questions.

  • He didn’t say anything. 
  • Does Tim work with you?
  • I don’t believe you. 

2 After modal verbs (will, can, must, should, might, may, etc.)

  • You should come with us.
  • I can’t play the guitar.

 

to + infinitive

 

We use the infinitive with to

 
1 After adjectives.

  • It’s important to arrive early at the station.

2 To express a reason or purpose (why).

  • I went to Madrid to visit some family.
  • I need time to study for the exam.

3 After question words.

  • I don’t know what to eat.
  • I want to learn how to play the guitar.

4 After some verbs.

  • Don’t forget to call me.
  • She seems to be distracted.

 

Common verbs followed by to  + infinitive

 
Some common verbs that are followed by to infinitive are: decide, forget, help, hope, learn, need, offer, plan, promise, remember, seem, try, want, would like, would love, would hate, would prefer, etc.
 

Negative form of to + infinitive

 
The negative form of to + infinitive is not to + infinitive.

  • She decided not to enter the competition.

 


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