Exercise 1

Choose the correct forms to complete the first conditional sentences below.

1If you now, you the train.

2Peter his exams if he hard.

3If it tomorrow, we to the cinema.

4The teacher angry if you late again tomorrow.

5I her the news if I her next week.

6I some takeaway this evening if I work late.

7If you more, you .

8If we the bus, we late.

9You an accident, if you so fast.

10If you to arrive earlier, the train.


 

 

First conditional – table

 
first conditional
 

if clause and main clause

 
All conditional sentences have two parts: the if clause and the main clause. It doesn’t matter which clause comes first, but when the if clause  comes first, we should put a comma after it.

  • If it rains, we’ll stay home
  • We’ll stay home if it rains.

 

if + present, future

 
In the first conditional, the verb in the if clause is present and the verb in the main clause is future.

  • If you don’t go to sleep, you’ll be very tired tomorrow.

The if clause may have a present or a future meaning, but the verb is always in present (NOT future)

  • If you are a good boy tomorrow, mummy will buy you a present. (NOT If you will be a good boy)

 

Main clause: will, modal verb, imperative

 
In the main clause, we can also use may, might, can, must, should instead of will.

  • If he doesn’t train harder, he may/might lose the championship.
  • If your room is tidy, you can leave.
  • If you want to lose weight, you must/should eat less sugary things.

We can also use an imperative instead of will.

  • If you arrive after midnight, ring me on my mobile.

 

Future time clauses – table

 
Future time clauses
 

when, as soon as, before, after, until

 
When we use a verb after when, as soon as, before, afteror until to talk about the future, we have to use this verb in present tense (NOT future). We use the future in the other part of the sentence.

  • I’ll retire when Im 70. (NOT: when I’ll be)
  • I won’t call you until I arrive. (NOT: will arrive.)

 

Similar to first conditional

 
Future time clauses are similar to the first conditional. There’s a main clause and a when/after/etc. clause. We use the verbs in these clauses like in the first conditional.

We use a comma when the when/after/etc. clause is at the beginning of the sentence. But we don’t use a comma if the when/after/etc. clause is at the end of the sentence.

  • I’ll retire when I’m 70. 
  • When I’m 70, I’ll retire

We use present in the when/after/etc. clause and we use future in the main clause.

  • Before you go to sleep, daddy will tell you a story. 

In the main clause, we can also use may, might, can, must, should or an imperative instead of will.

  • As soon as you finish, you can leave. 
  • After you arrive, call me.

 


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