Exercise 1

Choose the correct relative pronouns to complete the following defining relative clauses.

1 I have a friend speaks four languages.

2 The Internet is a place you can get cheap technology products.

3 E-mails advertise things are called "spam".

4 A "technophobe" is someone is scared of technology.

5 We should only buy products can be recycled.

6 That's the shop I bought those shoes.

7 I can't find the CD I borrowed from you.

8 Do you remember the park we met?

9 There were three people at the party knew me.

10 I want to see the film everybody's talking about.


 

 

Defining relative clauses

 
We use defining relative clauses to specify which person, thing or place we are talking about.
 
Defining relative clauses
 

who, which, where

 
We use who for people.

  • He met the police officer who saved his life.

We use which for things and animals.

  • He put on the suit which he wore for special occasions.

We use where for places.

  • This is the hotel where we spend our honeymoon.

 

that

 
We can use that instead of who or which. But we often use who for people and which/that for things.

  • He’s the neighbour who/that helped us to move out.
  • Change the cable which/that connects the computer to the printer.

 

Be careful with these common mistakes!

 
We cannot use *what or an expression like *that he/she etc. in this type of relative clauses.

  • That’s the student that/who I told you about. (NOT the student what I told you about)
  • That’s the man that/who tried to steal my wallet. (NOT the man that he tried to steal my wallet.)

 


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