Exercise 3

Complete the sentences with ‘ll (will), won’t or shall and the words in brackets. Use short forms of will when you can

 
Example:
0 Will she pass the exam? (she/pass)

1 back soon? (she/be)

2 A: Will he leave? B: No, he .

3 the bag for you? It looks heavy. (I/carry)

4 They the tournament. It's impossible. (win)

5 me a favour? (you/do)

6 A: tomorrow again? B: Yes, great! (we/meet)

7 I don't think the readers his new book. (like)

8 It's dark. I the light. (turn on)

9 I'm sure he us. He always helps people. (help)

10 A: for dinner tonight? B: OK. (we/go out)


 

 

Will – form

 
will – form
 
Will is an auxiliary verb. This means that:

  • we use will + infinitive: I‘ll be (or will be) at home next Saturday. 
  • will has a negative form: I won’t be (or will not be) at home next Saturday. 
  • we put will before the subject in questions: Will you be at home next Saturday?
  • we use will in short answers: Yes, I will. / No, I won’t (or No, I will not).

 

Will – use

 
We use will to talk about things that we think will happen in the future.

  • He will love your new coat. 
  • They won’t win this match. 

Note that it’s common to use will with the expressions I think, I don’t think, I hope, etc. or also with I’m sure, I’m not sure, perhaps, etc.

  • I hope they will arrive soon. 
  • I don’t think they‘ll win.
  • I’m sure you‘ll be fine. 
  • Perhaps I‘ll be late. 

We use will for promises or refusals.

  • I will lend her the money.
  • I won’t help you. 

We use will when we make decisions at the moment of speaking (instant decisions).

  • A: There’s no milk in the fridge. B: I’ll go to the shop to buy some more. 
  • A: This box is very heavy. B: Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 

 

Shall I…? Shall we…?

 
We use Shall I…? or I’ll when we offer to do things for other people.

  • Shall I make some coffee?
  • (=Do you want me to make coffee?)

  • I‘ll make come coffee.

We use Shall we…? to suggest doing something.

  • Shall we go to the cinema? (=Do you want to go to the cinema?)

 


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