Exercise 1

Choose the correct option to complete the sentences.

1 George is .

2 All are broken.

3 The are yellow.

4 This is .

5 This is .

6 You need to clean .

7 These are . (= One car belongs to Tom and another car to Jenny.)

8 This is . (=Two people have one car.)

9 helps me with my homework.

10 I need to paint .


 

 

Possessive ‘s

 

Possessive ‘s – use

 
We use ‘s to show that something belongs to a person (or a pet) or to talk about relationships between people.

  • This is Peter‘s father. (NOT the father of Peter)
  • Peter and Mary‘s car is red. 
  • My cat‘s ears are white. 

We also use the possessive ‘s to talk about shops and houses.

  • I am at John‘s. (= at John’s house)
  • I need to go to the chemist‘s(= the chemist’s shop)

 

Possessive ‘s – form

 
Singular noun + ‘s

  • Anna’s clothes, Chris’s wife, the student’s books, etc.

Plural noun ending in -s ‘ (apostrophe)

  • The students’ books, the boys’ toys, the teachers’ lounge, etc.

Irregular plural noun (NOT ending in -s) + ‘s

  • The children’s toys, men’s clothes, etc.

When one thing belongs to two or more people, add ‘s only after the last noun.

  • Paul and Katherine’s house, Anna and George’s car, etc.

When we have two or more people, and each person has one thing, we add ‘s after each person.

  • Anna’s and George’s cars (Anna’s car and George’s car), Sally’s and Tim’s computers (Sally’s computer and Tim’s computer).

 

Possessive of

 
We use of and NOT ‘s when we talk about things (and not people or pets).

  • the end of the street (NOT the street’s end)
  • a picture of the eclipse (NOT the eclipse’s picture)
  • the man of the match (NOT the match’s man)

 

Compound nouns – the city center

 
With nouns that are used together very often, we often use them together without of and without ‘s

  • a school bus
  • the city center
  • the car key

 

whose

 

When do we use whose?

 
We use the question word whose to ask about possession. There are two possible forms:

whose + noun

  • Whose car is this?
  • Whose books are those? 

whose without a noun 

  • Whose is this car?
  • Whose are those books? 

When we answer with the possessive ‘s, we can also use ‘s + noun or ‘s without a noun.

  • Whose is this car?
  • It’s John‘s car
  • It’s John‘s

 

whose vs who’s

 
Whose = possession (of who)

Who’s = who is

  • Whose car is this? (NOT Who’s car is this?)
  • Who’s that man in the lobby? (NOT Whose that man in the lobby?)

 


Do the exercises