Exercise 1

Choose much, many, a lot of, a little, a few, etc. to complete the sentences

1 If I want to pass the exam, I need to study .

2 There aren't things to do in this village.

3 sugar do you take in your tea?

4 There was tension at the meeting.

5 Dad, I need money for school.

6 There are things that you can do to improve your writing.

7 There is milk in the fridge. We need to buy some.

8 He doesn't have hobbies.

9 'How many computers do you have?' '.'

10 I can help you; I have time today.


 

 

Summary table

 
much, many, a lot of, a little, a few
 

much/many

 

many for countable, much for uncountable in (?) (-)

 
We use much/many in negative sentences and questions. We use many before plural countable nouns and much before uncountable nouns. We don’t normally use them in affirmative sentences.

  • There isn’t much coffee in the jar.
  • Were there many people at the party?

 

how much/how many

 
We use how many + plural nouns and how much + uncountable nouns to ask about quantity. You can review countable and uncountable nouns here.

  • How many books did you read last semester?
  • How much coffee do you drink every day?

We can also say How much is it? to ask about the price of an item.

  • ‘How much is it?’ ‘It’s 43 pounds.’
  • ‘How much are the trousers?’ ‘They’re 58 pounds.’

 

a lot (of)

 

Before both countable and uncountable

 
We use a lot of before both plural countable and uncountable nouns to talk about big quantity. We normally use a lot of in positive sentences.

  • She spends a lot of time watching TV.
  • We had lots of good moments together.

We can say quite a lot of to talk about medium quantity.

  • With my new job, I have quite a lot of free time

It is also possible to use a lot of in negative sentences and questions.

  • Do you eat a lot of sugar?
  • I don’t read a lot of books.

 

of before noun; of at the end of sentence

 
We must always use a lot of including of before a noun. However, we can use a lot (without of) at the end of a sentence or in short answers.

  • ‘How many beers did you have?’ ‘I don’t know; I had a lot.’
  • I like her a lot.
  • ‘How much coffee did you have?’ ‘A lot.’

 

a few/a little

 

a few for countable; a little for uncountable

 
We use a few before plural countable nouns and a little before uncountable nouns in affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences to talk about small quantity.

  • I have to do a few things this afternoon.
  • I always put a little milk in my tea.

 

not many, not much

 
We can also use not many + plural countable or not muchuncountable nouns. The meaning is similar.

  • I don’t have to do many things this afternoon.
  • I don’t put much milk in my tea.

 

no/not…any/none

 
When we want to talk about zero quantity, we can use no + noun or not…any + noun. The meaning is the same.

  • I have no time today.
  • I don’t have any time today.

In short answers we use none.

  • ‘How much time do you have?’ ‘None.’

 


Do the exercises