Exercise 1

Choose much, many, a lot of, a little, a few, etc. to complete the sentences

1If I want to pass the exam, I need to study .

2There aren't things to do in this village.

3 sugar do you take in your tea?

4There was tension at the meeting.

5Dad, I need money for school.

6There are things that you can do to improve your writing.

7There is milk in the fridge. We need to buy some.

8He doesn't have hobbies.

9'How many computers do you have?' '.'

10I can help you; I have time today.


 

 

Summary table

 
much, many, a lot of, a little, a few
 

much/many

 

many for countable, much for uncountable in (?) (-)

 
We use much/many in negative sentences and questions. We use many before plural countable nouns and much before uncountable nouns. We don’t normally use them in affirmative sentences.

  • There isn’t much coffee in the jar.
  • Were there many people at the party?

 

how much/how many

 
We use how many + plural nouns and how much + uncountable nouns to ask about quantity. You can review countable and uncountable nouns here.

  • How many books did you read last semester?
  • How much coffee do you drink every day?

We can also say How much is it? to ask about the price of an item.

  • ‘How much is it?’ ‘It’s 43 pounds.’
  • ‘How much are the trousers?’ ‘They’re 58 pounds.’

 

a lot (of)

 

Before both countable and uncountable

 
We use a lot of before both plural countable and uncountable nouns to talk about big quantity. We normally use a lot of in positive sentences.

  • She spends a lot of time watching TV.
  • We had lots of good moments together.

We can say quite a lot of to talk about medium quantity.

  • With my new job, I have quite a lot of free time

It is also possible to use a lot of in negative sentences and questions.

  • Do you eat a lot of sugar?
  • I don’t read a lot of books.

 

of before noun; of at the end of sentence

 
We must always use a lot of including of before a noun. However, we can use a lot (without of) at the end of a sentence or in short answers.

  • ‘How many beers did you have?’ ‘I don’t know; I had a lot.’
  • I like her a lot.
  • ‘How much coffee did you have?’ ‘A lot.’

 

a few/a little

 

a few for countable; a little for uncountable

 
We use a few before plural countable nouns and a little before uncountable nouns in affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences to talk about small quantity.

  • I have to do a few things this afternoon.
  • I always put a little milk in my tea.

 

not many, not much

 
We can also use not many + plural countable or not muchuncountable nouns. The meaning is similar.

  • I don’t have to do many things this afternoon.
  • I don’t put much milk in my tea.

 

no/not…any/none

 
When we want to talk about zero quantity, we can use no + noun or not…any + noun. The meaning is the same.

  • I have no time today.
  • I don’t have any time today.

In short answers we use none.

  • ‘How much time do you have?’ ‘None.’

 


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