Exercise 1

Choose a/an for the following words.

1 It's animal.

2 I need new bed.

3 It's useful machine.

4 I'm waiter.

5 Do you have umbrella?

6 I'm English teacher.

7 I need hat.

8 Is she student?

9 We have ugly duck.

10 I need hour.


 

 

a/an, plurals – grammar chart

 
a/an, plurals – singular and plural forms
 

a/an

 
We use a/an with singular nouns.

  • This is a table
  • It’s an orange

We use a with nouns beginning with a consonant, and we use an with nouns beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

  • Give me an apple. 
  • There is an elephant in the zoo. 
  • It’s an amazing experience. 

We also use an with nouns beginning with h if the is not pronounced. But we use a if the is pronounced.

  • Give me an hour. (The is not pronounced in hour.)
  • I want to buy a hat. (The is pronounced in hat.)

We use a and NOT an with nouns beginning with when it is pronounced /ju:/, like university. 

  • Is there a university in this city? 
  • I wear a uniform. 

 

Plurals in English

 

a tables

 
We do NOT use a/an with plural nouns.

  • These are tables. (NOT a tables)

 

Regular plurals

 
We add -s to make plural nouns in English. Sometimes we need to add -es, -ies or –ves. Check the spelling in the grammar chart above.
 

Irregular plurals

 
Some words have irregular plurals and do NOT add -s to make their plural form.
 


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