so, such

 

so + adjective/adverb + (that…)

 
We use so + adjective or adverb

  • Why don’t you try to understand. You are so stubborn!
  • He gets on my nerves. You drive so slowly.

We often use so + adjective or adverb + (that…)

  • He is so good (that) he gets bored when he plays against me.
  • John drives so slowly (that) other drivers get impatient around him. 

 

such a + (adjective) + noun + (that…)

 
We use such a + (adjective) + countable singular noun

  • I love her. She is such a brilliant actress.
  • It was such a party! We had a lot of fun. 

We often use such a + (adjective) + countable singular noun + (that…)

  • It had been such a terrible day (that) I just wanted to go to bed. 
  • He is such a liar (that) nobody trusts him any more. 

 

such + (adjective) + noun + (that…)

 
We use such + (adjective) + uncountable noun or plural noun

  • The trip was a disaster. We had such terrible weather!
  • Everybody loves being with Tom. He tells such funny stories!

We often use such + (adjective) + uncountable noun or plural noun + (that…)

  • We had such terrible weather (that) we decided to go back home. 
  • She said such nice things (that) we were all moved. 

 

so/such – meaning

 
We can use so and such to make the meaning of an adjective, adverb or noun stronger (=’very/really’):

  • Why did you do it? You are so stupid!
  • He was such a terrible father that now his kids don’t want to be around him. 

We can also use so and such to mean ‘like this’:

  • Sorry I didn’t call. I didn’t know it was so important for you. (=important like this).
  • I don’t understand how you could make such a terrible mistake. (= a mistake like this)

 

so much/so many + noun

 

so much + uncountable noun + (that…)

 
We use so much + uncountable noun

  • Did you see her house? I didn’t know she had so much money
  • I wish you wouldn’t spend so much time on the phone.

We often use so much + uncountable noun + (that…)

  • She always cooks so much food that we have to throw half of it away. 
  • There is so much furniture that it’s difficult to walk around the house. 

 

so many + plural noun + (that…)

 
We use so many + plural noun

  • He couldn’t even walk among so many fans.  
  • You don’t need to repeat everything so many times

We often use so many + plural noun + (that…)

  • There were so many people at the concert (that) we didn’t really enjoy it. 
  • She had so many problems (that) she just didn’t know what to do. 

 


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