be going to – form

 
Be going to consists of the present continuous of the verb go (I’m going, you are going, etc.) + the to infinitive form of the main verb.
 
be going to plans predictions
 

When the main verb is go

 
When the  main verb is go, we can exclude it if we want.

  • I’m going shopping this afternoon. (=I’m going to go shopping this afternoon.)
  • We are going to Cyprus next summer. (=We are going to go to Cyprus next summer. )

 

be going to – use

 

Predictions

 
We use be going to to talk about something that we see is going to happen (there is present evidence).

  • Don’t drive like a crazy man. We’re going to have an accident!
  • The doctor said I’m going to have a girl.
  • Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain

 

Intentions or plans

 
We use be going to for intentions or plans (decisions taken before the moment of speaking).

  • ‘Why are you undressing?’ ‘Because I’m going to go for a swim.’
  • We are going to have a drink after work. Do you want to come?

 

Future time expressions

 
We often use be going to with future time expressions (tomorrow, next week, etc.).

  • We are going to play cards tonight
  • She’s going to study biology next year

 


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